spill prevention control and countermeasure plans
A spill prevention and countermeasures control (SPCC) plan is a facility-specific, comprehensive plan that outlines both the containment and countermeasures implemented to prevent a spill from occurring as well as response procedures should a spill occur. SPCC plans are prepared to be consistent with current regulations as set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), specifically 40CFR Part 112, Oil Pollution Prevention and Response. Per these requirements, and as capacity dictates, a Certified Professional Engineer reviews and certifies the final approved SPCC plan. The plans are unique to each facility, but must include the following elements: oil handling operations, spill prevention practices, discharge or drainage control, resources (personnel and equipment) for containment and training.
A facility must meet three criteria in order to be subject to the SPCC rule:
- 1. Be non-transportation-related
- 2. Have an aggregate above-ground storage capacity greater than 1,320 gallons or a completely buried storage capacity greater than 42,000 gallons
- 3. Have a reasonable expectation of a discharge into or upon waters of the state
A properly prepared plan includes response procedures in the event of a spill, specifically:
- 1. Spill prevention through proper operating procedures
- 2. Control measures installed to prevent a spill from reaching the environment
- 3. Countermeasures to contain, clean up, and mitigate the effects of an oil spill that reaches the environment
Having an SPCC plan in place enables quick and effective response to protect the environment and support a safe and productive workplace for employees. In addition, it helps companies avoid the costly impact of non-compliance, including fines as high as $25,000 per day per violation. Once prepared, plans are required to be reviewed every five years.