Environmental Site Assessments
(Phase I/II) including Transaction Screens
Phase I is a historical property research. Depending on the property, sometimes a transaction screen is sufficient.
Phase II is environmental testing of a property which may include soil, groundwater, vapor, sediments, asbestos, lead-paint or other hazardous materials including PCBs.
Phase III is remediation of a problem identified in a Phase I or a Phase II which could be through removal, risk evaluation and/or in-situ remediation.
Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA)
A Phase I property site assessment is a due diligence procedure that both buyers and sellers conduct to identify past and present environmental liabilities. A Phase I can prevent future litigation over a real estate transaction by openly disclosing environmental issues.
A Phase I ESA is meant to identify the potential for impacts by hazardous or toxic materials and to identify other possible environmental constraints on the site. No environmental sampling or analysis is conducted under the Phase I scope of work (unless specifically requested or part of a more specific guideline). The form and content of an ESA will follow the form and content as outlined in ASTM standard E 1527-13. The results of the Phase I ESA will be used to evaluate whether or not further study (such as a Phase II ESA) is warranted. To obtain and develop the information required for the Phase I ESA of a property in a timely and efficient manner, the following scope of work is typically conducted as indicated by the availability, relevancy, and adequacy of the background information, and by the environmental consultant's best field judgment.
The Phase I is a property assessment that includes a walkover of the property and associated structures; a review of historic property information including maps, aerial photographs, deeds, telephone or address directories, etc.; a review of potentially impacted properties in the vicinity; a summary of knowledgeable party information and review of prior reports; and the review of local, State and Federal files pertaining to the property address.
Items evaluated in the Phase I report include: tanks, drains, pits, spills, in-ground and aboveground equipment, petroleum and chemical use, and environmental liens. Additional issues which may be included in the Phase I at the lenders or clients request include: wetlands, radon, asbestos, lead-based paint, and drinking water. The Phase I report is typically research only. Unless otherwise specified as part of the scope of work, testing or surveys are outside of the typical Phase I requirements.
Phase II Environmental Site Assessment (ESA)/Limited Subsurface Investigations
A Phase II is testing for suspect environmental problems that were identified from a Phase I. It is normally conducted after a Phase I, as a Phase I is meant to identify Recognized Environmental Concerns (RECs) BEFORE a property is purchased. If a specific Phase I is not a requirement for the lending institution and there are known environmental RECs (tanks, etc.), it is possible to conduct a Phase II with historical research.
While a Phase I is conducted by an environmental professional with experience and training a Phase II typically requires drilling and testing equipment. AEEG, LLC operates GPR, metal detectors and testing equipment necessary to quickly and cost effectively complete a Phase II. We contract some services to contractors that we work with almost on a daily basis and therefore have very cost competitive pricing. In addition, we outsource laboratory services, as it is a conflict of interest to conduct that work in house. Our clients realize huge cost savings working with knowledge and efficiency. We make sure that the analytical is appropriate to the potential impacts identified so that you are not paying for something that you do not need.
Hazardous Material Surveys
A hazardous material survey consists of an inspection and report on buildings and structures for materials likely to be hazardous to the health of workers, building occupants or the environment.
Hazardous materials including universal and/or regulated waste may include but is not limited to:
- Asbestos Containing Material (ACM)
- Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
- Synthetic Mineral Fibers (SMF)
- Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s)
- Ozone Depleting Substance (ODS)
A hazardous materials survey fulfils your obligations as a building manager or owner by:
- Meeting clients’ occupational health and safety legislative requirements to protect workers and occupants from hazardous materials
- Meeting legislative requirements for the register and management of asbestos in the workplace under the Occupation Health and Safety Regulations 1996
- Complying with the hazardous materials auditing procedure (clause 1.6) of the AS 2601 Demolition of Structures
- Responding to workplace concerns
- Meeting the needs of property buyers, sellers and developers
- General and/or environmental due diligence
- Meeting development approval
- Addressing health and safety requirements identified before major refurbishment and demolition
Depending on whether the building is occupied, to be refurbished or to be demolished will influence the level and invasiveness of the inspection. Surveys are conducted accordingly to establish client-specific requirements.
Commercial Real Estate Services
AEEG, LLC can assist banks, property owners, renters and real estate brokers with the management of environmental issues pertaining to commercial real estate. Development and acquisition of commercial properties begins with a Phase I Site Assessment and can lead to Phase II testing or Phase III remedial approaches, but involvement with commercial properties can encompass a broader realm of issues. Impacts can be found from current tenant use of the property, tenants can leave residual waste after vacating properties, and building areas can require industrial cleaning of spaces such as floors, pits and sumps to name just a few. AEEG, LLC has over 30 years of experience managing commercial real estate environmental issues. Our services offered are as follows:
Commercial Real Estate Transactions
- Phase I Environmental Site Assessments ASTM
- Phase II Site Assessments (Testing of soil, groundwater, vapor and materials)
- Phase III Remedial Alternatives
- Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Surveys
- Hazardous Material Surveys including Ambient Air Testing
- Potable Well Testing
- Environmental Permitting
- Asbestos and Lead-Based Paint Surveys including Universal Waste
- Waste Management Program Design
- Report review for compliance with applicable standards.
- Licensed Professional Engineer in MD, DC, VA and DE
- SPCC Plans
- SWPPP Plans
- TMDL-MS4 Permitting / Sampling
Vapor Intrusion (VI) Investigations
- Vapor Intrusion Surveys
- Sub Slab and Indoor Air
- Vapor Mitigation – Remediation – Vapor Barriers
- Aboveground Storage Tank (AST) Removal
- Aboveground Storage Tank (AST) Installation
- Underground Storage Tank (UST) Soil Sampling
- Underground Storage Tank (UST) Removal
- Building Decontamination and Clean Out
- Soil and Groundwater Remediation
- Hazardous/Non-hazardous Waste Management
- Stormwater Planning and Maintenance Scheduling
- Permitting – National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), Tank Removals
- Plans – Spill Prevention and Countermeasures Control (SPCC) Plans, Erosion and Sediment Control, Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plans (SWPPP), Soil Management Plans, Health and Safety Plans
- Traffic Control/Lane Closures